HOW COMPETITIVE IS YOUR CV?

HOW COMPETITIVE IS YOUR CV?

HOW COMPETITIVE IS YOUR CV/RÉSUMÉ?

In today’s ever-challenging business world, competition for talent is intensifying, though the ever-expanding business environment is ripe with job opportunities yet there are fewer qualified applicants available.

This dearth of qualified talents makes it more difficult for organizations to effectively attract and hire quality candidates, therefore, a great responsibility is placed on hiring managers/recruiters to devise several tools in selecting and hiring best and ‘culturally fit’ talents.

Selection of quality candidates has become fierce!! CV/Résumés are now under intense scrutiny.

While some CVs pass the 30 seconds review others are tossed in the bin- It’s the survival of the fittest!

Always remember that…..

‘it is not only how your résumé looks by itself; it is how it looks in comparison to other résumés’   – Professional Association of Résumé Writer and Career Coaches (PARW/CC)


How then do you make your CV competitive ………?

When it comes to CV/Résumé Writing, there are different and varying beliefs and techniques. Almost everyone has an opinion on ‘How and How Not’ to write a CV.

There have been instances of passionate debate among professionals on the ‘Do’s and Don’ts’ of CV Writing and these debates are usually won by people with superior arguments.

Whatever the argument is, the general belief is that a well written and competitive CV should showcase candidate’s skills and potentials in an easy-to-read, logical and crisp format.

As a Certified Professional Résumé Writer and a member of Professional Association of Résumé Writers/Career Coaches (PARW/CC) our stand is ……

‘…. a guiding principle of the résumé writing profession is that there are no hard and fast rules! The one exception is that all documents should be error free. There is not one format, one layout, one strategy that everyone wants to the exclusion of all others’- PARW/CC

Exception: If the hiring company stipulates the exact format required for the CV/ Résumé.

In order to create a compelling, captivating and competitive CV, candidates should focus on CV Contents and Mechanism.

CV CONTENTS

Personal Details– This should contain information such as; Full Name or Title /Designation (if applicable).

Contact Information – Residential or Postal Address, functional E-mail, Phone Numbers, LinkedIn URL, Personal Website.

Additional Information-This may include; Language Proficiency (if multi-lingual), Date of Birth, Gender, Marital Status, Nationality, State of Origin and Local Government Area (L.G.A is optional but necessary if applying for roles or grants based on quota system in NIGERIA).

However, organizations that are keen on Diversity & Inclusion could find some details irrelevant or optional, such as; Gender, Religion, Age, Marital Status, Ethnic Group, Language, Nationality.

The rule of the game is to provide information that potential employer requires.

Education/Qualification: Include Dates, Name of Institution, Qualifications, Field of Study, Grades (from 3.5 GPA), Awards and Honors.

Training: List relevant trainings, seminars, conferences online and classroom based.

Certification: Include Certification Name, Certification Authority, Dates.

Membership/Affiliation: Include Organization Name, Position or Membership Status and Date of joining.

Work Experience– This should contain details such as; Name of Employer, Short description of company, locations (Town, City and Country), Job Title, Start-End dates on each role/company.

Include short description of employer if the company is not well-known or if product or service offering cannot be easily inferred from the company name.

Provide brief description of job responsibilities as well as significant, measurable and relevant accomplishments on each job. Use appropriate action words for great impact.

Check HERE for CV active verbs.

Skills– It could be Soft Skill/ Computer Skill /Technical Skills. Include job related or role specific skills that you have competence in.

#Details of references or referees should not be listed on the CV unless it is specifically required. Reference takes up space and it’s totally unnecessary. If you so wish, although not compulsory, you can always indicate that ‘referees will be provided on request’.

CV MECHANISM

Font Style/Size: You can play with fonts size as long as it follows same pattern and it’s consistent. Avoid using varying font style in one document!

Some CVs will have Verdana, Times New Roman, Calibri, Arial and Garamond fonts all in one document. This should be avoided. It makes the CV looks like a ‘tOGGLE cASE’ and unappealing to readers.

Upper Case or CAPs (Capital Letter): I have seen some CVs all in CAPS. Not just the section title but the entire CV!

In as much as writing in caps shows emphasis, it can as well put the reader off if it is overused. An all-CAPs document has all texts screaming for attention, at the same time.

Punctuation: Avoid unnecessary and incorrect use of punctuation. Do not forget to use (.) full stop to indicate the end of a sentence.

Margin/Formatting:

  • Use appropriate margin that will give the document enough white space, focus should be on appropriate mix of white space and words.
  • Always ensure that your CV is justified or well aligned. According to MS Word- ‘Justify (Ctrl+J) -Distribute your text evenly between the margins. Justified text give your document clean and crisp edges so it looks more polished’.
  • If CV is more than 1 page, insert your name/contact details as foot note or header on the extra pages.

Be consistent in your choice of formatting.

Spelling/Grammatical Errors: A CV full of spelling and grammatical errors shows chaos and could automatically lead to it being dumped in a ‘No’ pile.

Proofreading: It is advisable to always check for spellings and grammatical errors or incomplete information. Do not be in a hurry to send your CV without proofreading. You don’t want to give out an impression of sloppiness.

Acronyms/Industry Jargons: Limit the use of industry jargons or lingo even if they are common industry lingo. Jargon is the language, specialized terms or technical terminology used by certain profession or academic field. These words could be meaningless to others outside the specific field.

In order to avoid the CV looking gibberish to HR managers (who usually make first contact with applicant’s CV), the use of lingos should be minimized.

Likewise, if you must use acronyms then indicate the full meaning in parenthesis. More often than not, acronyms could have shared meaning across different sectors or industries. You wouldn’t want to leave the recruiter confused.


You can use any strategy or format in presenting CV but do not substitute great and relevant content for a graphically designed incoherent CV.

You only have 30seconds to impress the recruiter. Maximize it!


Conclusion

A competitive CV~~~

~has great and relevant contents

~is error-free and well-presented

~is reader-friendly

~will effectively showcase applicant’s skills and potentials

~is ‘fit for purpose’ – meets the job requirements

Find CV template/guide below;

CV Template

Before You Write The Next Cover Letter

Before You Write The Next Cover Letter

Cover letter is a statement of purpose, explaining applicant’s fit for specific position or role. Other titles used interchangeably for cover letter are; Application Letter, Application Essay, Personal Background, Introduction Letter, etc.

Most times, your cover letter could probably be the first thing the recruiter will see. Therefore, it should be written in a way that is appealing to the reader and as such invite the recruiter into the actual document [CV/Résumé]. The tone of the letter should be business-like, employer-focused and should respond to the job requirements.

Cover Letter should not be a ‘one-size-fits-all-role’ document.

It is not advisable to use one cover letter across board, for all vacancies, across all industries and sectors. Every cover letter should be customized for specific job vacancy, job responsibilities and job requirements.

Most often than not, job vacancies require cover letters. However, in a scenario where it is not explicitly stated as part of the job requirements, it will be worthwhile to write the cover letter as the body of the mail (BTW do not forget to attach your CV/Résumé).

Suggestion: Always have the specific job description handy when drafting a cover letter, pay attention to relevant keywords/phrases and present your skills or expertise in the most applicable way possible.

STRUCTURE

Address it like a business letter and you can adopt the recommendations below unless otherwise stated during application.

  • THEME FONT: The choice of font style should be clear and easy-to-read e.g. Times New Roman, Calibri, Serif, Arial, etc.
  • FONT SIZE– Font size should be between 10pts-12pts.
  • LENGTH– Total length should not exceed 1 page. If it goes beyond that, review and edit the document to fit into a page.
  • LINE SPACING– Use the line spacing rule as applicable on a business letter.

 

CONTENTS

Design or formatting is inconsequential if the content of your Cover Letter cannot effectively showcase your skills and potentials or demonstrate your fit for the role.

The contents of the letter should include;

  • Address of writer and recipient.
  • Salutation- keep it brief and direct.
  • Paragraphs- not be more than 4-5 paragraphs

 Ideas for arranging paragraphs;

¶ 1- Indicate purpose of application.

  • How did you hear about the role and through which medium- Newspaper publication/ website/ referral/ or on LinkedIn?
  • You could also specify why you are interested in working for this particular employer.

¶ 2 & 3- Fit for role

  • Outline your qualifications/competencies and match them to the requirements of the position.
  • Provide specific and relevant achievements to demonstrate fit for the role (use bullet points for emphasis)

¶4- Next Step

  • Include a brief paragraph that indicates what action will come next.
  • Make known your availability for an interview opportunity to discuss further.

Close by thanking the employer for their time and consideration and Signoff with ‘Yours Sincerely or Yours Faithfully’.

Finally, proofread more than once! Double check for grammatical or spelling errors! Assume the role of the hiring Manager!

Do not second-guess whether the cover letter will be read or not. Do the needful and maximize every opportunity to get your dream job.


 

COVER LETTER WRITING

Let’s write a cover letter for a candidate applying for a Territory Sales Manager role with the job description below;

Territory Sales Manager Job Description (Ref: #2305)

The territory sales manager is responsible for all managing all sales activities within a defined geographical territory.

Job Responsibilities;

  • Building the business within the territory using a variety of sales techniques.
  • Targeting potential customers and assessing opportunities for sales.
  • Arranging meetings with potential customers and selling product offerings.
  • Cold calling companies within the territory and establishing needs.
  • Putting together a list of target companies within the area.
  • Analyzing competitor activities in the region and assessing opportunities for business development.
  • Working to revenue targets and KPI’s as set by the sales director.
  • Networking with businesses in the territory and building relationships.
  • Attending relevant industry events and conferences to build business.
  • Chasing sales leads from other members of the company.
  • Working closely with other territory sales manager’s and national account managers.
  • Putting together sales strategies to target large accounts.
  • Keeping up to date with industry news to identify opportunities for new business.

Qualification/Requirements; 

  • Previous experience working as a territory sales manager.
  • Relevant industry background gained from a competitor or company in a related industry.
  • Excellent people skills and an ability to build relationships with people at all levels.
  • Proven track record of building business and hitting sales targets.

 

THE COVER LETTER

Cover Letter- Sample

Job Search Strategy

Job Search Strategy

JOB SEARCH STRATEGY

Every job seeker falls into one or more of these categories;

  • Actively seeking employment
  • Currently employed, seeking better opportunities
  • Looking for a career change
  • Trying to test the job market

Notwithstanding the category, we are all in the search for that dream job, especially for those who are not entrepreneurs.

It’s no news that some people get jobs as soon as they graduate or ready for it. Some call it luck, favour, connection and so on. But the other reality is that some actually labour and toil before getting their dream job.

No matter how difficult or how tight the job market is, people are getting jobs and some are changing jobs day in day out.

At this juncture, we need to Stop! Think! Evaluate! the efficiency of our method of job searching and opt for an effective method.

Here are few strategies to consider;

1. Planning:

You need to invest time and energy into job searching and treat it as a real 8-5pm job. It won’t be a bad idea to have a weekly plan and dedicate 3-4days of the week to job search.

Don’t just apply for every available vacancy, it is important to have a target, focus on a particular area and stick to it.

I quite understand that the struggle is real but, if you are asked what you can do in terms of job, don’t say ‘any job’. You need to have a plan and be focussed.

Job hunting without a focus is tantamount to shooting in the dark with no target in mind. Be focussed and Be Specific!

Every job seeker need to ask himself-

Who is my target audience? Who do I want to attract?

Recruiters from which industry?

Which company do I want to work for? And in what capacity?

Here is the list of industries to choose from;

  • Accounting/Audit/Tax
  • Administration & Office Support
  • Agriculture/Farming;
  • Banking/Finance/Insurance
  • Beauty/Fashion
  • Building Design/Architecture
  • Construction
  • Consulting/Business Strategy & Planning
  • Creatives (Arts, Design, Fashion)
  • Customer Service/Call Centre
  • E-commerce
  • Education/Teaching/Training
  • Engineering
  • Healthcare/Pharmaceutical
  • Hospitality/Leisure/Travels
  • Human Resources
  • IT/Web Developers/Programmers
  • Legal
  • Logistics/Transportation
  • Manufacturing/Production
  • Marketing/Advertising/Communications
  • Media
  • NGO/Community Services/Humanitarian
  • Oil & Gas /Mining/Energy
  • Project/Programme Management
  • Quality Assurance & Quality Control/HSE
  • Real Estate/Property
  • Research
  • Retail/Wholesale
  • Sales/Business Development
  • Supply Chain/Procurement
  • Telecommunications
  • Trade and Services
  • Others

Make a list of the industries you would like to work for and specific companies under each?

Strategy:

Don’t wait until jobs are advertised on job boards or social media. Visit career page of your desired companies, search and apply for relevant roles. You can also subscribe for job alerts (if available).

Follow your desired companies on Social Media- Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook and so on. This is necessary in order to keep updated about relevant news or events, not just job vacancies.

2. Networking:

Leave your comfort zone and network with people. Don’t be shy to let acquaintances know that you are open to new job opportunities but please don’t bore them with job request. Just because a friend/relative has a company does not mean he/she must hire, you can mention it and ask for referrals.

You can join professional associations and be active. Build relationship with professionals and participate in intellectual discussions. Always be prepared to maximize every opportunity.

Prepare and practice your ‘Elevator Pitch’ also known as ‘Elevator Speech’ as many times as possible. You can practice in front of a mirror or a friend.

You never can say, there might be an opportunity to market yourself or to discuss the values you can add. You need to make a first great impression.

“An elevator speech is a clear, brief message or “commercial” about you. It communicates who you are, what you’re looking for and how you can benefit a company or organization. It’s typically about 30 seconds, the time it takes people to ride from the top to the bottom of a building in an elevator. (The idea behind having an elevator speech is that you are prepared to share this information with anyone, at anytime, even in an elevator.)” SOURCE: http://sfp.ucdavis.edu

3. Compelling CV/ Résumé:

No matter how archaic you think the idea of a CV is, some hiring companies/managers still see it as an initial tool for assessing applicant’s fit for a role.

Is your CV up to date? Is your CV just a list of your work history and not compelling enough to convince recruiter that you can do the job you are applying for?

It is not just how your CV looks on its own but how it looks or how it stands out in comparison to others. I believe that a well-written CV/ Résumé should earn you a right to an interview.

You can turn your CV into an effective marketing tool by spending time to develop it and making it competitive.

Therefore, it is time to look at your CV from the recruiter’s perspective. If you were a potential employer would you hire ‘YOU’ based on your current CV?

Don’t make your CV look like an obituary, spice it up with active verbs Must Use- CV Active Verbs

 

4. Advert-Targeted Cover Letter:

Cover Letter can also be referred to as Application Letter.

Your Cover Letter should be tailored towards the relevant terminology, keywords and phrases in the job description. This is necessary in order to present you in the most effective way possible, by showcasing your skills and the value that you can bring to an employer.

If you are applying for a vacancy that request for just CV/ Resume, it is advisable to copy and paste your cover letter as the body of the mail.

5. Effective Use of LinkedIn:

It is startling that you would meet an upwardly mobile jobseeker and then you realize he is not on LinkedIn!!

Linkedin is a social networking site for professionals. It has over 1million members in Nigeria and over 200million users globally. Hundreds of thousands of recruiters are using LinkedIn to source, search and hire candidates. In addition, hundreds of jobs are advertised on LinkedIn on a daily basis. It is therefore crucial to keep your LinkedIn profile updated and attractive to recruiters.

Signing up for LinkedIn is free and it gives you a platform to position yourself for opportunities as well as connect and network with hiring managers/decision makers in various organizations across the globe.

If you want to increase your chances of finding jobs, then it’s time to be active on LinkedIn.

How to Search for Jobs On Linkedin;

  1. You will find a tab ‘Jobs’ on the top navigation on your LinkedIn home page.
  1. Click on Jobs.
  2. Add keywords related to the jobs you are interested in, such as job title, keywords, or company name, and Location
  3. Click Find Jobs.

OR

  1. Click Discover to access new job postings.

When you view a job posting, you’ll see the following options:

  • Apply ‘on the company website
  • Save (and apply later)

For those jobs where you apply directly through LinkedIn, your profile will be forwarded when you apply. There could be an option to add a cover letter.

Update Job Preferences on LinkedIn:

You can set your job preferences by clicking the Preferences tab on the far right.

  • LinkedIn will automatically recommend the right jobs to you.
  • It also gives you the opportunity to let recruiters know that you are open to new jobs.
  • You also can indicate the type of job you are considering and at the same time ‘Share your profile’ with recruiters.

6. Job Application:

It is mandatory that you have a good understanding of the job responsibilities and requirements. Please apply for roles you are qualified for.

Make sure you follow all the instructions given when submitting your employment applications.

If it requires sending a CV and/or Cover letter as an attachment via an email, please ensure you use the right or required format.

  • Cross check the mail address.
  • Proofread the mail before sending and ensure that the documents are attached.
  • If the attachment is large, please put in a zip file.
  • By default, you should use your name as the title of the CV or Cover Letter attachment unless otherwise stated. E.g.
    • CV-Chinwe Aduke Mohammed
    • Cover letter- Chinwe Aduke Mohammed
  • Make the job title or Reference No (if applicable) as the subject of the mail. E.g.
    • SUBJECT:Re: Application for Human Resources Manager (Ref: #34089)
  • Do not forward the mail you have sent to another recruiter and if you must do so, please edit and avoid leaving a mail trail.

Always remember your e-mail etiquette!!

7. Job Tracker:

It won’t be a bad idea to keep tabs on all your job applications. You can create a job tracker using excel worksheet or any other app. Keep updating the status of each application and indicate necessary action.

In Conclusion;

Many jobseekers are frustrated due to unsuccessful job applications, failed interview, broken promises etc. This is not the time to throw a pity-party, it is time to change your ‘job-search’ strategy and take charge of your career.

At the same time, we cannot over emphasize the need to develop yourself while job hunting- WORK GAP

The Hidden Interview Question

The Hidden Interview Question

The Hidden Interview Question

The hiring manager/interviewer has a huge responsibility of getting not just the best candidate but the best culturally fit candidate for the organization.

This weight of responsibility calls for in-depth and thorough selection process, most especially in today’s world with dearth of qualified and employable candidates.

The interviewer will therefore devise different types of interview [HERE] – written or oral or both just to fill a role. He will ask different questions and design different stages of interviews in order to search, select and hire the very best candidate.

However, there is an underlying question at the mind of every interviewer, especially when there is a strong need to hire the right candidate, at the right time and at the right price.

Behind each phone call, each e-mail or in mail, each text message and every form of communication between the hiring manager and the candidate is an underlying question that needed to be answered, either explicitly or implicitly.

This hidden question can be asked in different ways at different times, using different methods of communication and even in a different tone.

Some interviewers can even ask in a direct way! Looking straight into the candidates’ eyes and asking quietly but firmly.

‘Why should we hire you?’

This question can be disguised in different forms;

What are your strengths?

Why did you apply for this role?

Why do you want to leave your present role?

Do you think you are the best candidate for this role?

Tell me why you should be considered for this role?

What are your value propositions?

What are you bringing to the table?

What value can you add to this organization?

In other words, the interviewer wants you to market yourself, he is looking for the ‘wow’ factor in each of the candidates. The hiring manager is searching for something different, something unique, something strong enough to justify the recruitment’s ROI (Return on Investment).

But most times, candidates fail this critical question because they couldn’t convince the interviewer enough or provide any justification to hire them.

How to answer the hidden question…

Okay… the next question should be, how should I answer this underlying question even when not asked directly?

‘Why should we hire you?’

The question can only be answered with evidence of past accomplishments or demonstration of capability to solve problems relating to any of the under listed crucial business objectives.

The overall corporate strategy/objectives of every business entity are to;

  • increase profitability
  • increase customer base
  • generate sales/income
  • maximize revenue
  • identify and mitigate risk
  • develop new business opportunities
  • improve customer satisfaction
  • improve service quality
  • enhance productivity
  • reduce cost
  • retain customers
  • outperform competitors
  • gain market share, etc. etc.

Remember to always focus on notable achievements that are applicable to the role you are being interviewed for.

Explain what you have done in the past and how you have gone above and beyond your call of duty to impact your organization.

For example;

INTERVIEWER: Why should we hire you for this role??

CANDIDATE: As the Senior Finance Executive with over 8years’ experience, I provide strategic and tactical leadership in the areas of accounting, financial reporting, business development, strategic investor relations and corporate communications.

I have a track record of producing exceptional results within a short period. For instance, at my present place of employment, I played a leading role in bringing the company to profitability within 7months. Raised N25miilion (debt and equity) to finance development and launch of new products within 6 months. Acquired high end commercial accounts and businesses worth over N9.6bn within 1year by signing on new accounts, growing existing relationships and reactivating dormant relationships.

I have also led and built a team of 10 Financial Executives to achieve profit budget of N5.2bn in 2015 and over N7.2bn in 2016.

I believe with my level of expertise and outstanding achievements in previous and current roles, I should be able to replicate such if considered.

#2

INTERVIEWER: Why are your strengths??

CANDIDATE: One of my strengths include efficient financial system implementation. I am equally passionate about overhauling multiple ERP systems to improve customer service, reporting and quality.

 If you find it difficult to identify your achievements or accomplishments, you can start by going over your KPIs (Key Performance Indicators) and see how you have added value overtime. Highlight these attainments  and mention or iterate them to impress the interviewer.

In case there was no formal KPI, you can always search for relevant ones and measure your performances against it.

Dear Recruiter,

Dear Recruiter,

DEAR RECRUITER: This letter is based on applicant’s experience with a typical recruiter.

 Dear Recruiter,

Kindly make an effort to include full Job Description in all your job postings. Remember to include; location, job requirements, job responsibilities and all relevant details that will aid my decision in applying for the role.

If you have already identified candidates for the role, please don’t bother advertising the vacancy or call me for interview and raise my hope for no reason. I have feelings too, remember.

If I’m shortlisted for a role, may I ask you for a fair chance to compete with other candidates during the selection and hiring process?

Dear Recruiter,

If the interview venue is outside my current location, can we explore other options of interview using technology? If possible?

And if it’s not possible, can you make it easy for your dear applicant by subsidizing or paying for my hotel accommodation and transport fare? Please?

I don’t want to “travel the world in 80 days” using my resources and eventually not considered for the job.

Dear Recruiter,

It’s an honour to be called for an interview, nevertheless….

I want to be adequately prepared before attending the interview, so, try to give at least 24-48hrs notice for the interview.

When I do honour your invite, please don’t keep me waiting at your lobby for hours, most times, I probably need to get back to work with my present employer.

And may I humbly ask that you should please be nice during the interview. I’m here to interview for job not to be interrogated for a crime.

Dear Recruiter,

I wouldn’t mind discussing my salary expectation during our first meeting. We both know that, it will be waste of time and resources to negotiate salary at probably the 4th stage of the hiring process and discover that we can’t agree on the pay.

Dear Recruiter,

Could you please, find time in your busy schedule to give me feedback after the interview. I think you owe me that honour.

It doesn’t matter if I pass or fail or you want to keep me in view! Just communicate. I want to know my areas of improvement and where I stand in the hiring process.

Not knowing is nerve wrecking.

Dear Recruiter,

Please, don’t take my follow-up ‘Thank you’ note or email as seeking for attention or favour, I’m only being professional.

Yours Sincerely,

 The Applicant

Read Dear Applicant’s Letter  HERE  Dear Applicant,

Dear Applicant,

Dear Applicant,

DEAR APPLICANT: This letter is borne out of a typical recruiter’s experience with applicants.

As a recruiter, one of your responsibilities is to hire not only the best candidate but the best culturally fit for the company. There have been days of excitement and days of disappointments…you have roles to fill but no qualified applicants.

 

Dear Applicant…

Recruiters put job descriptions and responsibilities together in order to attract qualified candidates for specific roles.

Most often than not, when applicants see job vacancy they believe it is just a propaganda that the hiring company has identified candidate for the role already.

Another mindset is that one cannot get a job without being referred by an insider. So, CV or Résumé is just a ruse. Therefore, they refuse to spend quality time writing a winning CV.

This might not be true in all cases, so please, take all genuine job adverts seriously and prepare accordingly.

 

Dear Applicant…

Stop applying for jobs you are not qualified for…..

For a recruiter, there is nothing as frustrating as receiving over 300 CVs for a particular role and only 5% are qualified for the job.

Most applicants don’t even bother to read job description, responsibilities and requirements. These set of applicants just keep applying for every vacancy that crossed their path. When I say any, I mean ANY and EVERY VACANCY!!!

Do not make it a hobby to apply for roles you are not qualified for, else you will be frustrated and think the job is for the recruiters’ cronies.

I have seen quite a number of entry-level candidates applying for Executive level roles that require 10-15years experience!

You need to be strategic in your job search.

 

Dear Applicant…

If you are interested in vacancies that exist in a different state from your state of residence, please include alternative address on your CV showing a nearby address. Location/proximity is one of the determining factor for short listing candidates.

(Exception to this if the hiring company is ready to provide accommodation)

Likewise, if you are applying for job outside your country of residence, please indicate your interest to relocate.

Dear Applicant…

For experienced professional, you have a slim chance of being shortlisted for the role you know nothing about, unless you show certain level of competence.

Therefore, if you are switching career, there is need to lay emphasis on your relevant transferable skills communication, team work, leadership, analytical and so on.

N:B; How to gain experience in the newly found career? You can volunteer with a friend/colleague with expertise in the field (during vacation), take up relevant online courses or get relevant professional certifications.

Dear Applicant…

Your CV is a marketing tool that shows what you can offer a potential employer and a well written CV should earn you the right to an interview. However, the onus is on you to spend time in developing it. Don’t leave it to chance.

It is often not advisable to have a one-size fits all CV/Résumé. Your CV should be tailored to each role.

Do not be in a hurry to submit your CV without proof-reading. Watch out for incomplete info such as; contact details, dates etc.

Avoid the temptation to exaggerate or falsify your information or work history. Most times it can come back to haunt.

Use a generally accepted format when attaching CVs- Ms Word or PDF. Some applicants attach CV in a zip or password protected format. This is an extra work/challenge that a recruiter is not willing take on.

We cannot over emphasize the fact that candidate should only apply for roles that match their profile and should not expect miracles if they act otherwise. In case you are wondering, Yes! I believe in miracles.

It is equally imperative to work on your LinkedIn profile. Most recruiters shortlist and recruit via LinkedIn.

Dear Applicant…

It’s still a mystery that candidates will apply for a role, he will be invited for interview, the candidate will confirm availability but will not show up for the interview without giving any reason or prior notice. This is totally unprofessional.

If you won’t be available for any reason or you have lost interest or you will be running late, please relate to the recruiter or hiring company.

Dear Applicant…

We agree you need to ask question and get all the facts right before attending an interview, but please write down all your questions and ask the recruiter once. Don’t make it a duty to keep calling every hour asking questions after questions. It doesn’t matter how many times you repeat…

’I’m sorry to bother you’

Dear Applicant…

If you are submitting any hard copy documents during the recruitment process, it will be appropriate to have it well-arranged and neatly packaged.

Please don’t present oil-stained, crumpled or partly torn documents. Even if you feel remorseful.

Dear Applicant…

Every job interview opportunity is one step away from being hired. Maximize it. Prepare effectively.

Don’t come for an interview unprepared. Please don’t chew gums during the interview. Dress appropriately. Maintain eye contact. Be punctual.

If you are not fluent in English or the language of communication, please work on yourself, enrol for Language classes and learn. Remember, you are not the only candidate for the role.

It’s okay to ask questions like;

When should I expect feedback? What do you look out for in an ideal candidate for this role? What is the next step in the interview process? Etc.

Avoid question like;

What’s the company into? – You are expected to have done your research beforehand.

Dear Applicant…

Under no circumstance should you badmouth your former boss.

Yours Sincerely,

 The Recruiter

 

 

Read Dear Recruiter’s Letter  HERE  Dear Recruiter,

WORK GAP

WORK GAP

Having a gap in work history is not unusual and it can be for a number of reasons such as; study, raising kids, maternity, medical, caring for sick relative, relocation, career switch, setting up a business, resignation, termination, layoff, downsizing, Mergers & Acquisition, among others.

{Meanwhile, if you are laid off because of fraud, gross misconduct, negligence, poor performance etc. word of advice is further down ☟☟☟☟☟}

Do not beat yourself over the size of your work gap, what is more crucial is what you do during the employment break and finding the right words to explain it on your CV or LinkedIn profile or during an interview.

Any unaccountable work gap on CV/Résumé can easily be flagged by a recruiter and this could jeopardize any chances of considering the applicant for the role. Explain every gap in your work history and do not leave it hanging.

Are you currently unemployed or in between jobs?

Are you doing something worthwhile with your time or just lazing around wishing for the dream job to come knocking????

It is advisable to maximize this break by engaging in activities relating to your profession/passion or career path. This is necessary in order to remain relevant in your chosen field.

WHAT TO DO DURING WORK GAP

#1- Sign up for free online courses. Check these sites;

https://www.coursera.org,https://www.edx.org, https://www.extension.harvard.edu/open-learning-initiative, https://alison.com,

#2- Volunteer at activities in several groups; NGOs, religious, educational or social.

#3- Volunteer to work without pay.

#4- Attend Seminars, Workshops, Trainings, Webinars, Conferences.

#5- Join relevant professional bodies (online and offline) and be active.

#6- Sharpen your networking skills and leverage on it.

#7- Start a business (if possible).

[Don’t be afraid if you have ventured into businesses which eventually failed, I’m sure you learnt a lot and you must have developed some business skills which are worth mentioning on your CV].

HOW TO EXPLAIN GAPS ON CV/RÉSUMÉ OR LINKEDIN

Here are examples of how the gaps can be explained on a CV/Résumé or LinkedIn or during an interview based on the actions you took

Study

  • Took 2-years study leave to pursue Masters in Finance and Financial Regulations at Aston University, Birmingham, UK.

Modules studied: Security Analysis, Business Finance, International Finance, Financial Reporting, Corporate Governance, Applied Research and Methodology.

  • Enrolled for intensive 1 year full-time MSc in Estate Management at University of Lagos, Akoka. Lagos Nigeria.

Modules studied: Advanced Valuation, Feasibility and Viability Studies, Property Management, Macro Economics, Micro Economics, Statistics.

 

Entrepreneurship/Setting up a business

  • Dedicated 5 months to doing researching, training and job shadowing to understand the end-to-end processes of supply chain management for some Agricultural products. Visited an African country to benchmark operational best practices in mechanized farming and how it can be adapted to Nigeria.

SKILLS: Research, Operational Management, Business Process Improvement.

  •  Published a book titled ‘Art of Selling for SMEs’ and single-handedly sold 25,000 hard copies within 2 years.

SKILLS: Sales, Marketing, Negotiation, Communication….

  •  Founded a Logistics and Distribution company. Grew the company from Zero to N850,000 turnover within 1 year through efficient planning and Just-In Time delivery of goods and services to customers.

SKILLS: Service Delivery, Project Management, Inventory Management, Client Servicing, Supply Chain Management, Logistics.

On Line Courses

  • In the last 1 year, I took some online certificate courses in; Sales Fundamental, HR Management, Project Management, Effective Negotiation, Digital Marketing, Market Penetration, Customer Service, Credit Analysis ….

Volunteer/Professional Affiliation

  • I was a volunteer member of an International Charity Organization for 6months, I participated in charity projects which include: health talks on Tuberculosis, HIV, Malaria and Cervical cancer in various gatherings.
  • As a volunteer with United Nations, I facilitated community mobilization and outreaches to increase awareness on Child Protection, Sex Gender-Based Violence (SGBV), Gender Equality in Education…

SKILLS: Program Facilitation, Project Coordination, Diversity & Inclusion, Presentation, Planning & Organization, Programme Support Advocacy, Public Speaking etc.

  • I took 3years off to raise my kids, during this time, I was elected as the Secretary for Nigerian Institute of Management. I was actively involved in planning conferences and organizing the annual ‘Young Managers workshops’ for undergraduates.

SKILLS: General Administration, Office Management, Customer Service, Conflict Resolution, Mentoring, Public Speaking, Social Media Campaigning.

If work gap is due to Downsizing/Mergers & Acquisition

  • The company undergone an organizational restructuring and was part of the staff that were regrettably, let go. However, I have a recommendation letter from my previous employer attesting to my unflinching commitment to work.

☞☞☞ If you are laid off or dismissed due to poor performance, gross misconduct, fraud, negligence either you are guilty or falsely accused.

There is no point to lie during an interview because the employer will find out anyway (while conducting a background check).

So, be truthful about it. If you are guilty and genuinely sorry for your action- show remorse and iterate lessons learnt. Don’t dwell on the act, rather, demonstrate your readiness to start afresh and not make the same mistake.

Here are few points and can get you through the dilemma;

  • Settle for a pay cut (if offered).
  • Provide credible guarantors.
  • Volunteer to sign letter of undertaking.
  • Get attestation letters from reputable clergy men.
  • Agree to a longer probationary period.

OR you can also

  • Ask friends/family for referrals.
  • Start your own business

Conclusion

If you are still in-between jobs or unemployed, it is never too late to start developing and sharpening your skills. Get busy with activities that help you stay updated in your chosen field.

Tip: If you have a wide gap in your work history or you have switched career path, avoid using a Chronological CV rather adopt a Functional CV. Functional CV is used to hide imperfect work experiences.